- Sweden: Female taxpaying members of city guilds are allowed to vote in local elections (rescinded in 1758) and national elections (rescinded in the new constitution of 1771).
- Corsica (rescinded upon annexation by France in 1769)
- U.S. town of Uxbridge, Massachusetts: One woman, Lydia Taft, is allowed to vote in the town meeting
- U.S. state of New Jersey (rescinded in 1807)
- Pitcairn Islands
- Norfolk Island
- Australian colony of South Australia: limited to property-owning women for local elections; universal franchise achieved in 1894.
- Sweden: limited to local elections with votes graded after taxation; universal franchise achieved in 1919, which went into effect at the 1921 elections.
- The Grand Duchy of Finland (part of the Russian Empire from 1809 to 1917): limited to taxpaying women in the countryside for municipal elections; and in 1872, extended to the cities.
- Australian colony of Victoria, Australia: women were unintentionally enfranchised by the Electoral Act (1863), and proceeded to vote in the following year’s elections. The Act was amended in 1865 to correct the error.
- The former Kingdom of Bohemia: limited to taxpaying women and women in “learned professions” who were allowed to vote by proxy and made eligible for election to the legislative body in 1864.
- United Kingdom: limited to single women ratepayers for local elections under the Municipal Franchise Act. (Partial female suffrage in national elections in 1918; universal franchise in 1928.)
- United States-incorporated Territory of Wyoming: full suffrage for women.
- United States-incorporated Utah Territory: repealed by the Edmunds-Tucker Act in 1887.
- Self-governing British Crown dependency of the Isle of Man: limited at first to women “freeholders” and then, a few years’ later, extended to include women “householders”.
- Canadian province of Ontario: limited to widows and spinsters to vote in municipal elections (later extended to other provinces).
- The municipality of Franceville in the New Hebrides: universal suffrage within its short existence. Loses self-rule within months.
- New Zealand: first self-governing colony in the world in which all women are given the right to vote in parliamentary elections. Women were barred from standing for election until 1919.
- British protectorate of the Cook Islands: universal suffrage.
- U.S. state of Colorado: first state in the union to enfranchise women by popular vote.
- Australian colony of South Australia: universal suffrage, extending the franchise to all women (property-owners could vote in local elections from 1861), the first in Australia to do so.
- United Kingdom: Local Government Act confirms single women’s right to vote in local elections and extends this franchise to some married women.
- U.S. state of Utah reestablishes women’s suffrage upon gaining statehood.
- U.S. state of Idaho
- Australian colony of Western Australia
- Australia: Women in the states of South Australia and Western Australia were allowed to vote in Australia’s first federal election.
- Australia: The Australian Constitution gives the federal franchise to all persons allowed to vote for the lower house in each state unless the Commonwealth Parliament stipulates otherwise. South Australian and Western Australian women had been able vote in the first federal election in 1901. During the first Parliament, the Commonwealth passes legislation extending federal franchise to non-Aboriginal women in all states. Aboriginal women have the vote in South Australia in 1901. The Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902 withdraws any such Aboriginal voting rights for federal elections, providing that, “No aboriginal native of Australia … shall be entitled to have his name placed on an Electoral Roll unless so entitled under section forty-one of the Constitution”.
- Australian state of New South Wales: limited to non-indigenous women
- Australian state of Tasmania: limited to non-indigenous women
- Australia: The first independent country to hold national elections where women were given the vote nationwide, was Australia in that country’s second federal election.
- Australian state of Queensland: limited to non-indigenous women
- The Grand Duchy of Finland (part of the Russian Empire): first in Europe to grant women suffrage.
- New Hebrides: Perhaps inspired by the Franceville experiment, the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides grants women the right to vote in municipal elections and to serve on elected municipal councils. (Limited to British, French, and other colonists, and excluding indigenous women.)
- Denmark: limited to local elections
- Australian state of Victoria: limited to non-indigenous women
- U.S. State of Washington
- U.S. State of California
- Argentina: a doctor, Julieta Lanteri, sued and won the right to vote.
- U.S. State of Oregon
- U.S. State of Kansas
- U.S. State of Arizona
- U.S. State of Alaska
- U.S. State of Montana
- U.S. State of Nevada
- Denmark: full voting rights
- Canadian province of Manitoba
- Canadian province of Saskatchewan
- Canadian province of Alberta
- U.S. State of New York
- Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
- Belarusian People’s Republic
- Latvia (as an independent country)
- Canadian province of British Columbia
- Canadian province of Ontario
- Canada: limited to war widows, women serving overseas, and women with family serving overseas
- Russian Republic
- Ukrainian People’s Republic
- Uruguay (per Constitution)
- U.S. State of Michigan
- U.S. State of South Dakota
- U.S. State of Oklahoma
- Canada: limited to women over 21, and “not alien-born”, and meeting provincially-determined property qualifications
- Canadian province of Nova Scotia
- Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
- United Kingdom: limited to women above the age of 30, compared to 21 for men and 19 for those who had fought in World War One. Various property qualifications remained. (See Representation of the People Act 1918)
- Belgium: limited to voting at municipal level
- Hungary: full suffrage granted in 1945
- Netherlands: right to stand in election granted in 1917
- New Zealand: women have the right to stand for election into parliament
- Canadian province of New Brunswick: limited to voting. Women are given the right to stand for office in 1934.
- U.S. state of Minnesota
- Self-governing British crown colony of Southern Rhodesia: women now allowed to vote and stand for election into parliament
- United States: all remaining states by amendment to federal Constitution
- Irish Free State (now known as the Republic of Ireland): equal suffrage granted upon independence from UK. Partial suffrage granted as part of UK in 1869 and 1918.
- Canadian province of Prince Edward Island
- Mexican state of Yucatán: limited to regional and congressional elections
- Ecuador: a doctor, Matilde Hidalgo de Prócel, sues and wins the right to vote
- Spain: limited to single women and widows in local elections. First women mayors.
- Mongolia: no electoral system in place prior to this year.
- Saint Lucia
- Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
- Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
- Italy: limited to local elections.
- Dominion of Newfoundland: limited to women 25 and older (men can vote at age 21)
- Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
- Uruguay: women’s suffrage is broadcast for the first time in 1927, in the plebiscite of Cerro Chato.
- United Kingdom: franchise made equal to that for men by the Representation of the People Act 1928.
- Romania: limited to local elections only, with restrictions.
- Unincorporated U.S. territory of Puerto Rico: women given the right to vote
- Ecuador: the right of women to vote is written into the Constitution
- South Africa (Women’s Enfranchisement Act, 1930: limited to white women on the same basis as white men.
- Turkey: limited to municipal elections. On December 5, 1934, women are granted full universal suffrage. Turkish women run in parliamentary elections for the first time on February 8, 1935, obtaining 18 seats.
- Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
- Chile: limited to municipal level for female owners of real estate under Legislative Decree No. 320.
- Portugal: with restrictions following level of education.
- Spain: universal suffrage
- Brazil – Berta Lutz
- Thailand (Siam)
- Chile: limited to municipal level under Law No. 5,357
- Portugal: suffrage is expanded
- Mexican state of Tabasco: limited to regional and congress elections only
- British Raj: granted in the same year as suffrage for men and retained by India and Pakistan after independence in 1947.
- Burma: women are granted the right to vote.
- Netherlands Dutch East Indies: passive suffrage for European women
- Bulgaria: limited to mothers only
- Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
- El Salvador
- Romania: women are granted suffrage on equal terms with men with restrictions on both men and women; in practice the restrictions affected women more than men.
- Canadian province of Quebec
- Netherlands Dutch East Indies: limited to European women only.
- Panama: with restrictions.
- Dominican Republic
- Bermuda: limited to property-holding women.
- Bulgaria: full rights
- Indonesia (Dutch East Indies)
- Togo (French Togoland)
- Djibouti (French Somaliland)
- North Korea
- Liberia (Americo women only; indigenous men and women were not enfranchised until 1951)
- British Mandate for Palestine
- Portugal: expands suffrage
- Republic of China (includes Taiwan): with restrictions
- Mexico: limited to municipal level
- Pakistan: with independence
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN includes Article 21:
The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
- Israel: Suffrage granted upon its establishment.
- South Korea
- Surinam (Dutch colony)
- Chile: right expanded to all elections on January 8 by Law No. 9,292
- Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius)
- People’s Republic of China
- Costa Rica
- India: granted in the same year as men’s suffrage
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- United Nations enacts Convention on the Political Rights of Women
- Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
- British Guiana (now Guyana)
- Mexico: rights extended to all women and for national elections
- British Honduras (now Belize)
- Gold Coast (now Ghana)
- Ethiopia (and Eritrea, as then a part of Ethiopia)
- Dahomey (now Benin)
- Mali (French Sudan)
- Pakistan: rights extended to national level (previously only literate women could vote).
- Somalia (British Somaliland)
- Colombia (by Constitution)
- Malaya (now Malaysia)
- Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)
- Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso)
- Nigeria (South)
- Madagascar (Malagasy Republic)
- San Marino
- Tanganyika (now Tanzania)
- Cyprus: suffrage granted upon its establishment
- Sierra Leone
- Australia: universal suffrage extended to Aboriginal men and women.
- Brunei: suffrage revoked (including men)
- Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia)
- Equatorial Guinea
- Iran (See Iranian constitutional referendum, 1963)
- Papua New Guinea (Territory of Papua and Territory of New Guinea)
- Afghanistan (revoked under Taliban rule 1996–2001)
- Botswana (Bechuanaland)
- Lesotho (Basutoland)
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Ecuador: women’s vote made obligatory, like that of men’s.
- Kiribati (Gilbert Islands)
- Tuvalu (Ellice Islands)
- South Yemen
- Bermuda: universal suffrage
- Portugal: claims to have established “equality of political rights for men and women”, although a few electoral rights were reserved for men.
- Yemen (North Yemen)
- Switzerland: on the federal level; introduced on the Cantonal level from 1958–1990
- Bangladesh: suffrage granted upon its establishment
- Bahrain (Bahrain did not hold elections until 2002)
- Solomon Islands
- Cape Verde
- São Tomé and Príncipe
- Vanuatu (New Hebrides)
- Province of East Timor of Indonesia
- Portugal (all restrictions were lifted by Carnation Revolution)
- Marshall Islands
- Federated States of Micronesia
- Nigeria (North)
- Kuwait (revoked in 1999; re-granted in 2005)
- Central African Republic
- Namibia: independence established – former South-West Africa.
- Switzerland: the Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden is forced by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland to accept women’s suffrage.
- United Arab Emirates (UAE) (limited suffrage for both men and women).
- Saudi Arabia (to be introduced along with right to run for municipal elections)
Note: in some countries both men and women have limited suffrage. For example, in Brunei, which is a sultanate, there are no national elections, and voting exists only on local issues. In the United Arab Emirates the rulers of the seven emirates each select a proportion of voters for the Federal National Council (FNC) that together account for about 12% of Emirati citizens.
|Kingdom of Afghanistan||1963|
|Principality of Albania||1920|
|Algeria||1962||In 1962, on its independence from France, Algeria granted equal voting rights to all men and women.|
|People’s Republic of Angola||1975|
|Armenia||1917 (by application of the Russian legislation)
1919 March (by adoption of its own legislation)
|Australia||1902||Indigenous Australian women (and men) not officially given the right to vote until 1962.|
|Azerbaijan Democratic Republic||1918|
|Bangladesh||1971 (upon its independence)|
|Belarusian People’s Republic||1919|
|Belgium||1919/1948||Was granted in the constitution in 1919, for communal voting. Suffrage for the provincial councils and the national parliament only came in 1948.|
|Dahomey (Today: Benin)||1956|
|Bolivia||1938/1952||Limited women’s suffrage in 1938 (only for literate women and those with a certain level of income). On equal terms with men since 1952.|
|British Cameroons (Today: Cameroon)||1946|
|British Honduras (Today: Belize)||1954|
|British Leeward Islands (Today: Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla)||1951|
|British Windward Islands (Today: Grenada, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica)||1951|
|Brunei||1959||Elections currently suspended since 1962 and 1965. Both men and women have voting rights only for local elections.|
|Kingdom of Cambodia||1955|
|Canada||1917–1919 for most of Canada; Prince Edward Island in 1922; Newfoundland in 1925; Quebec in 1940||To help win a mandate for conscription, the federal Conservative government of Robert Borden granted the vote in 1917 to female war widows, women serving overseas, and the female relatives of men serving overseas. However, the same legislation, the Wartime Elections Act, disenfranchised those who became naturalized Canadian citizens after 1902. Women over 21 who were “not alien-born” and who met certain property qualifications were allowed to vote in federal elections in 1918. Women first won the vote provincially in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1916; British Columbia and Ontario in 1917; Nova Scotia in 1918; New Brunswick in 1919 (women could not run for New Brunswick provincial office until 1934); Prince Edward Island in 1922; Newfoundland in 1925 (which did not join Confederation until 1949); and Quebec in 1940.Aboriginal women were not offered the right to vote until 1960. Previous to that they could only vote if they gave up their treaty status. It wasn’t until 1948 when Canada signed the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights that Canada was forced to examine the issue of their discrimination against Aboriginal people.|
|Cape Verde||1975 (upon its independence)|
|Central African Republic||1986|
|Ceylon (Today: Sri Lanka)||1931|
|Chile||1949||From 1934–1949, women could vote in local elections at 25, while men could vote in all elections at 21. In both cases, literacy was required.|
|China||1947||In 1947, women won suffrage through Constitution of the Republic of China. in 1949, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) replaced the Republic of China (ROC) as government of the Chinese mainland. The ROC moved to the island of Taiwan. The PRC constitution recognizes women’s equal political rights with men.|
|Congo, Republic of the||1963|
|Czechoslovakia (Today: Czech Republic, Slovakia)||1920|
|Ecuador||1929/1967||Although Ecuador was the first country in South American to grant women suffrage in 1929, differences between men’s and women’s suffrage were only removed in 1967 (prior to that year women’s vote was optional, while that of men compulsory; since 1967 it is compulsory for both sexes)|
|Ethiopia (Then including Eritrea)||1955|
|Federation of Malaya (Today: Malaysia)||1957|
|Democratic Republic of Georgia||1918|
|Greece||1930 (Local Elections, Literate Only), 1952 (Unconditional)|
|Hungarian Democratic Republic||1918|
|India||1947||In 1947, on its independence from the United Kingdom, India granted equal voting rights to all men and women.|
|Indonesia||1937 (for Europeans only), 1945|
|From 1918, with the rest of the United Kingdom, women could vote at 30 with property qualifications or in university constituencies, while men could vote at 21 with no qualification. From separation in 1922, the Irish Free State gave equal voting rights to men and women.|
|Iroquois Confederacy||before 1654|
|Isle of Man||1881|
|Israel||1948||Women’s suffrage was granted with the declaration of independence.|
|Jersey||1919||Restrictions on franchise applied to men and women until after Liberation in 1945|
|Kingdom of Bulgaria||1938|
|Kingdom of Denmark (Including Greenland, the Faroe Islands and, at that time, Iceland)||1915|
|Kuwait||1985 – women’s suffrage later removed in 1999, re-granted in 2005||All voters must have been citizens of Kuwait for at least 20 years|
|Kingdom of Laos||1958|
|Lebanon||1952||In 1957 a requirement for women (but not men) to have elementary education before voting was dropped, as was voting being compulsory for men (but not women).|
|Kingdom of Libya||1964|
|Micronesia, Federated States of||1979|
|Moldova||1929/1940||As part of the Kingdom of Romania, women who met certain qualifications were allowed to vote in local elections, starting in 1929. After Constitution from 1938, the voting rights were extended to women for general elections by the Electoral Law 1939. In 1940, after the formation of the Moldavian SSR, equal voting rights were granted to men and women.|
|Mongolian People’s Republic||1924|
|People’s Republic of Mozambique||1975|
|Namibia||1989 (upon its independence)||At independence from South Africa.|
|North Yemen (Today: Yemen)||1970|
|Pakistan||1947||In 1947, on its independence from the United Kingdom and India, Pakistan granted full voting rights for men and women|
|Panama||1941/1946||Limited women’s suffrage from 1941 (conditioned by level of education) equal women’s suffrage from 1946.|
|Papua New Guinea||1964|
|Portugal||1931/1976||with restrictions in 1931, restrictions lifted in 1976|
|Puerto Rico||1929/1935||Limited suffrage was passed for women, restricted to those who were literate. In 1935 the legislature approved suffrage for all women.|
|Romania||1929/1939/1946||Starting in 1929, women who met certain qualifications were allowed to vote in local elections. After the Constitution from 1938, the voting rights were extended to women for general elections by the Electoral Law 1939. Women could vote on equal terms with men, but both men and women had restrictions, and in practice the restrictions affected women more than men. In 1946, full equal voting rights were granted to men and women.|
|Russia||1917||On July 20, 1917, under the Provisional Government.|
|Grand Duchy of Finland||1906|
|Saudi Arabia||starting in 2015||Women were denied the right to vote or to stand for the local election in 2005, although suffrage was slated to possibly be granted by 2009, then set for later in 2011, but suffrage was not granted either of those times. In late September 2011, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud declared that women would be able to vote and run for office starting in 2015.|
|Sierra Leone||1961||In the 1790s, while Sierra Leone was still a colony, women voted in the elections.|
|South Africa||1930 (European and Asian South African women); 1994 (all women)||White women only; women of other races were enfranchised in 1994, at the same time as men.|
|South Yemen (Today: Yemen)||1967|
|Southern Rhodesia (Today: Zimbabwe)||1919|
|Switzerland||1971||Women obtained the right to vote in national elections in 1971. Women obtained the right to vote at local canton level between 1959 (Vaud and Neuchâtel in that year) and 1991 (Appenzell Innerrhoden). See also Women’s suffrage in Switzerland.|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||1975|
|Taiwan||1947||In 1945, Taiwan was return from Japan to China. In 1947, women won the suffrage under the Constitution of the Republic of China. In 1949, Republic of China(ROC) lost mainland China, moved to Taiwan.|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1925||Suffrage was granted for the first time in 1925 to either sex, to men over the age of 21 and women over the age of 30, as in Great Britain (the “Mother Country”, as Trinidad and Tobago was still a colony at the time) In 1945 full suffrage was granted to women.|
|Turkey||1930 (for local elections), 1934 (for national elections)|
|United Arab Emirates||2006||Limited suffrage for both men and women|
|United Kingdom||1918 (partial) (Then including Ireland)
|From 1918–1928, women could vote at 30 with property qualifications or as graduates of UK universities, while men could vote at 21 with no qualification.|
|Upper Volta (Today: Burkina Faso)||1958|
|Uruguay||1917/1927||Women’s suffrage was broadcast for the first time in 1927, in the plebiscite of Cerro Chato.|
|Vatican City||Never||The Pope is only elected by the College of Cardinals; women not being appointed as cardinals, women cannot vote for the Pope. See Catholicism|
|Yugoslavia (Today: Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia)||1945|
|Zaire (Today: Democratic Republic of the Congo)||1967|
|Zambia||1962 (then Northern Rhodesia)||Women’s suffrage granted in Northern Rhodesia in 1962.|