13-4.大衆政治化・バックラッシュ・参政権獲得(【年表】女性参政権)

掲載 2015-12-07

【年表】女性参政権が認められた年

※注意 以下の3種の年表の記事には1~2年の誤差があるものが含まれる。法律制定(公布)年・法律施行年・選挙実施年などによる違いも含まれる。全体の調整は後日行う予定であるので、いまは参考程度として利用していただきたい。

Ⅰ 年代順(日本語)

1893年 英領ニュージーランド(被選挙権は1919年から)

1902年 オーストラリア(イギリスから独立して2年目)

1906年 ロシア帝国領フィンランド(初めて女性に被選挙権が認められる)

1913年 ノルウェー

1915年 デンマーク、アイスランド

1917年 ソビエト連邦

1918年 カナダ、ドイツ、イギリス(男子にのみ普通選挙権、女子には制限選挙権。完全平等はそれぞれ20、19、28年)

1919年 オーストリア、オランダ、ポーランド、スウェーデン

1920年 アメリカ合衆国(州によっては国政選挙を含めてそれ以前より)、カナダ(完全実施)

1927年 ウルグアイ]

1928年 イギリス(男女平等の普通選挙権)

1929年 エクアドル

1930年 南アフリカ(但し白人のみ)

1931年 ポルトガル、スペイン

1932年 タイ、ブラジル

1934年 トルコ、キューバ

1924年 ドミニカ共和国

1944年 フランス

1945年 ハンガリー、イタリア、

1946年 日本

1947年 台湾(中華民国)、アルゼンチン、ベネズエラ

1948年 ベルギー、イスラエル、韓国

1949年 中国(中華人民共和国)、コスタリカ、チリ

1950年 インド、エルサルバドル、ハイチ

1952年 ギリシャ、ボリビア

1953年 メキシコ

1953年 コロンビア

1955年 ホンジュラス、ペルー、ニカラグア

1956年 エジプト、パキスタン

1957年 マレーシア

1959年 シンガポール

1961年 パラグアイ

1963年 イラン

1984年 リヒテンシュタイン

1993年 スイス

2002年 バーレーン、オマーン

2003年 カタール

2005年 イラク、クウェート(2007年の選挙から)

Ⅱ 年代順(英語)

18th century

  • 1718
    • Sweden: Female taxpaying members of city guilds are allowed to vote in local elections (rescinded in 1758) and national elections (rescinded in the new constitution of 1771).
  • 1755
    • Corsica (rescinded upon annexation by France in 1769)
  • 1756
    • U.S. town of Uxbridge, Massachusetts: One woman, Lydia Taft, is allowed to vote in the town meeting
  • 1776
    • U.S. state of New Jersey (rescinded in 1807)

19th century

Portrait of an unknown New Zealand suffragette, Charles Hemus Studio Auckland, circa 1880. The sitter wears a white camellia and has cut off her hair, both symbolic of support for advancing women’s rights.

  • 1838
    • Pitcairn Islands
  • 1856
    • Norfolk Island
  • 1861
    • Australian colony of South Australia: limited to property-owning women for local elections; universal franchise achieved in 1894.
  • 1862
    • Sweden: limited to local elections with votes graded after taxation; universal franchise achieved in 1919, which went into effect at the 1921 elections.
  • 1863
    • The Grand Duchy of Finland (part of the Russian Empire from 1809 to 1917): limited to taxpaying women in the countryside for municipal elections; and in 1872, extended to the cities.
  • 1864

    Statue of Esther Hobart Morris in front of the Wyoming State Capitol

 

    • Australian colony of Victoria, Australia: women were unintentionally enfranchised by the Electoral Act (1863), and proceeded to vote in the following year’s elections. The Act was amended in 1865 to correct the error.
    • The former Kingdom of Bohemia: limited to taxpaying women and women in “learned professions” who were allowed to vote by proxy and made eligible for election to the legislative body in 1864.
  • 1869
    • United Kingdom: limited to single women ratepayers for local elections under the Municipal Franchise Act. (Partial female suffrage in national elections in 1918; universal franchise in 1928.)
  • 1869–1920
    • United States-incorporated Territory of Wyoming: full suffrage for women.
  • 1870
    • United States-incorporated Utah Territory: repealed by the Edmunds-Tucker Act in 1887.
  • 1881
    • Self-governing British Crown dependency of the Isle of Man: limited at first to women “freeholders” and then, a few years’ later, extended to include women “householders”.
  • 1884
    • Canadian province of Ontario: limited to widows and spinsters to vote in municipal elections (later extended to other provinces).
  • 1889
    • The municipality of  Franceville in the New Hebrides: universal suffrage within its short existence. Loses self-rule within months.
  • 1893

    Tribute to the Suffragettes, Christchurch, New Zealand

 

    • New Zealand: first self-governing colony in the world in which all women are given the right to vote in parliamentary elections. Women were barred from standing for election until 1919.
    • British protectorate of the Cook Islands: universal suffrage.
    • U.S. state of Colorado: first state in the union to enfranchise women by popular vote.
  • 1894
    • Australian colony of South Australia: universal suffrage, extending the franchise to all women (property-owners could vote in local elections from 1861), the first in Australia to do so.
    • United Kingdom: Local Government Act confirms single women’s right to vote in local elections and extends this franchise to some married women.
  • 1896
    • U.S. state of Utah reestablishes women’s suffrage upon gaining statehood.
    • U.S. state of Idaho
  • 1899
    • Australian colony of Western Australia

20th century

1900s

  • 1901
    • Australia: Women in the states of South Australia and Western Australia were allowed to vote in Australia’s first federal election.
  • 1902
    • Australia: The Australian Constitution gives the federal franchise to all persons allowed to vote for the lower house in each state unless the Commonwealth Parliament stipulates otherwise. South Australian and Western Australian women had been able vote in the first federal election in 1901. During the first Parliament, the Commonwealth passes legislation extending federal franchise to non-Aboriginal women in all states. Aboriginal women have the vote in South Australia in 1901. The Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902 withdraws any such Aboriginal voting rights for federal elections, providing that, “No aboriginal native of Australia … shall be entitled to have his name placed on an Electoral Roll unless so entitled under section forty-one of the Constitution”.[19]
    • Australian state of New South Wales: limited to non-indigenous women
  • 1903
    • Australian state of Tasmania: limited to non-indigenous women
    • Australia: The first independent country to hold national elections where women were given the vote nationwide, was Australia in that country’s second federal election.
  • 1905
    • Latvia
  • 1905
    • Australian state of Queensland: limited to non-indigenous women

First Female Parliamentarians in the world were elected in Finland in 1907.

  • 1906
    • The Grand Duchy of Finland (part of the Russian Empire): first in Europe to grant women suffrage.[20]
    • New Hebrides: Perhaps inspired by the Franceville experiment, the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides grants women the right to vote in municipal elections and to serve on elected municipal councils. (Limited to British, French, and other colonists, and excluding indigenous women.)[21]

The argument over women’s rights in Victoria was lampooned in this Melbourne Punch cartoon of 1887

  • 1908
    • Denmark: limited to local elections
    • Australian state of Victoria: limited to non-indigenous women

1910s

  • 1910
    • U.S. State of Washington
  • 1911
    • U.S. State of California
    • Argentina: a doctor, Julieta Lanteri, sued and won the right to vote.
  • 1912
    • U.S. State of Oregon
    • U.S. State of Kansas
    • U.S. State of Arizona
  • 1913
    • U.S. State of Alaska
    • Norway
  • 1914
    • U.S. State of Montana
    • U.S. State of Nevada
  • 1915

This map appeared in the magazine Puck during the Empire State Campaign, a hard-fought referendum on a suffrage amendment to the New York State constitution; the referendum failed in 1915.

    • Denmark: full voting rights
    • Iceland
  • 1916
    • Canadian province of Manitoba
    • Canadian province of Saskatchewan
    • Canadian province of Alberta
  • 1917
    • U.S. State of New York
    • Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
    • Armenia
    • Belarusian People’s Republic
    • Estonia
    • Latvia (as an independent country)
    • Lithuania
    • Canadian province of British Columbia
    • Canadian province of Ontario
    • Canada: limited to war widows, women serving overseas, and women with family serving overseas
    • Russian Republic
    • Ukrainian People’s Republic
    • Uruguay (per Constitution)
  • 1918
    • U.S. State of Michigan
    • U.S. State of South Dakota
    • U.S. State of Oklahoma
    • Austria
    • Canada: limited to women over 21, and “not alien-born”, and meeting provincially-determined property qualifications
    • Canadian province of Nova Scotia
    •  Germany
    • Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
    • Poland
    • Russia
    • United Kingdom: limited to women above the age of 30, compared to 21 for men and 19 for those who had fought in World War One. Various property qualifications remained. (See Representation of the People Act 1918)
  • 1919
    • Belgium: limited to voting at municipal level
    • Georgia
    • Hungary: full suffrage granted in 1945
    • Luxembourg
    • Netherlands: right to stand in election granted in 1917
    • New Zealand: women have the right to stand for election into parliament
    • Canadian province of New Brunswick: limited to voting. Women are given the right to stand for office in 1934.
    • U.S. state of Minnesota
    • Self-governing British crown colony of Southern Rhodesia: women now allowed to vote and stand for election into parliament

1920s

  • 1920
    • Albania
    • Czechoslovakia
    • United States: all remaining states by amendment to federal Constitution
  • 1921
    • Sweden
  • 1922
    • Irish Free State (now known as the Republic of Ireland): equal suffrage granted upon independence from UK. Partial suffrage granted as part of UK in 1869 and 1918.
    • Canadian province of Prince Edward Island
    • Mexican state of Yucatán: limited to regional and congressional elections
  • 1924
    • Ecuador: a doctor, Matilde Hidalgo de Prócel, sues and wins the right to vote
    • Spain: limited to single women and widows in local elections. First women mayors.
    • Mongolia: no electoral system in place prior to this year.
    • Saint Lucia
    • Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
    • Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1925
    • Italy: limited to local elections.
    • Dominion of Newfoundland: limited to women 25 and older (men can vote at age 21)
  • 1927
    • Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
    • Uruguay: women’s suffrage is broadcast for the first time in 1927, in the plebiscite of Cerro Chato.
  • 1928
    • United Kingdom: franchise made equal to that for men by the Representation of the People Act 1928.
  • 1929
    • Romania: limited to local elections only, with restrictions.
    • Unincorporated U.S. territory of Puerto Rico: women given the right to vote
    • Ecuador: the right of women to vote is written into the Constitution

1930s

  • 1930
    • South Africa (Women’s Enfranchisement Act, 1930: limited to white women on the same basis as white men.
    • Turkey: limited to municipal elections. On December 5, 1934, women are granted full universal suffrage. Turkish women run in parliamentary elections for the first time on February 8, 1935, obtaining 18 seats.
  • 1931
    • Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
    • Chile: limited to municipal level for female owners of real estate under Legislative Decree No. 320.
    • Portugal: with restrictions following level of education.
    • Spain: universal suffrage
  • 1932
    • Brazil – Berta Lutz
    • Maldives
    • Thailand (Siam)
  • 1934
    • Chile: limited to municipal level under Law No. 5,357
    • Cuba
    • Portugal: suffrage is expanded
    • Mexican state of Tabasco: limited to regional and congress elections only
  • 1935
    • British Raj: granted in the same year as suffrage for men and retained by India and Pakistan after independence in 1947.
    • Burma: women are granted the right to vote.
  • 1937
    • Netherlands Dutch East Indies: passive suffrage for European women
    • Philippines
  • 1938
    • Bolivia
    • Bulgaria: limited to mothers only
    • Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1939
    • El Salvador
    • Romania: women are granted suffrage on equal terms with men with restrictions on both men and women; in practice the restrictions affected women more than men.[25][26]

1940s

  • 1940
    • Canadian province of Quebec
  • 1941
    • Netherlands Dutch East Indies: limited to European women only.
    • Panama: with restrictions.
  • 1942
    • Dominican Republic
  • 1944
    • Bermuda: limited to property-holding women.
    • Bulgaria: full rights
    • Jamaica
  • 1945
    • France
    • Indonesia (Dutch East Indies)
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • Senegal
    • Togo (French Togoland)
    • Yugoslavia
  • 1946
    • Cameroon
    • Djibouti (French Somaliland)
    • Guatemala
    • Kenya
    • North Korea
    • Liberia (Americo women only; indigenous men and women were not enfranchised until 1951)
    • British Mandate for Palestine
    • Portugal: expands suffrage
    • Romania
    • Venezuela
    • Vietnam
  • 1947
    • Argentina
    • Republic of China (includes Taiwan): with restrictions
    • Malta
    • Mexico: limited to municipal level
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan: with independence
    • Singapore
  • 1948
    • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN includes Article 21:

The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

 

    • Belgium
    • Israel: Suffrage granted upon its establishment.
    • South Korea
    • Niger
    • Surinam (Dutch colony)
  • 1949
    • Chile: right expanded to all elections on January 8 by Law No. 9,292
    • Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius)[32]
    • People’s Republic of China
    • Costa Rica
    • Syria

1950s

  • 1950
    • Barbados
    • Haiti
    • India: granted in the same year as men’s suffrage
  • 1951
    • Antigua and Barbuda
    • Dominica
    • Grenada
    • Nepal
    • Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • 1952
    • United Nations enacts Convention on the Political Rights of Women
    • Bolivia
    • Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
    • Greece
    • Lebanon
  • 1953
    • Bhutan
    • British Guiana (now Guyana)
    • Mexico: rights extended to all women and for national elections
  • 1954
    • British Honduras (now Belize)
    • Gold Coast (now Ghana)
  • 1955
    • Cambodia
    • Ethiopia (and Eritrea, as then a part of Ethiopia)
    • Honduras
    • Nicaragua
    • Peru
  • 1956
    • Dahomey (now Benin)
    • Comoros
    • Egypt
    • Gabon
    • Mali (French Sudan)
    • Mauritius
    • Pakistan: rights extended to national level (previously only literate women could vote).[33]
    • Somalia (British Somaliland)
  • 1957
    • Colombia (by Constitution)[34]
    • Malaya (now Malaysia)
    • Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)
  • 1958
    • Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso)
    • Chad
    • Guinea
    • Laos
    • Nigeria (South)
  • 1959
    • Brunei
    • Vaud
    • Neuchâtel
    • Madagascar (Malagasy Republic)
    • San Marino
    • Tanganyika (now Tanzania)
    • Tunisia

1960s

  • 1960
    • Cyprus: suffrage granted upon its establishment
    • Gambia
    • Geneva
    • Tonga
  • 1961
    • Burundi
    • Mauritania
    • Malawi
    • Paraguay
    • Rwanda
    • Sierra Leone
  • 1962
    • Algeria
    • Australia: universal suffrage extended to Aboriginal men and women.
    • Brunei: suffrage revoked (including men)
    • Monaco
    • Uganda
    • Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia)
  • 1963
    • Congo
    • Equatorial Guinea
    • Fiji
    • Iran (See Iranian constitutional referendum, 1963)
    • Kenya
    • Morocco
  • 1964
    • Bahamas
    • Libya
    • Papua New Guinea (Territory of Papua and Territory of New Guinea)
    • Sudan
  • 1965
    • Afghanistan (revoked under Taliban rule 1996–2001)[35]
    • Botswana (Bechuanaland)
    • Lesotho (Basutoland)
  • 1966
    •  Basel-Stadt
  • 1967
    • Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Ecuador: women’s vote made obligatory, like that of men’s.[36]
    • Kiribati (Gilbert Islands)
    • Tuvalu (Ellice Islands)
    • South Yemen
  • 1968
    • Basel-Landschaft
    • Bermuda: universal suffrage
    • Nauru
    • Portugal: claims to have established “equality of political rights for men and women”, although a few electoral rights were reserved for men.
    • Swaziland

1970s

  • 1970
    • Andorra
    • Yemen (North Yemen)
  • 1971
    • Switzerland: on the federal level; introduced on the Cantonal level from 1958–1990
  • 1972
    • Bangladesh: suffrage granted upon its establishment
  • 1973
    • Bahrain[37] (Bahrain did not hold elections until 2002)[38]
  • 1974
    • Jordan
    • Solomon Islands
  • 1975
    • Angola
    • Cape Verde
    • Mozambique
    • São Tomé and Príncipe
    • Vanuatu (New Hebrides)
  • 1976
    • Province of East Timor of Indonesia
    • Portugal (all restrictions were lifted by Carnation Revolution)[39][40]
  • 1977
    • Guinea-Bissau
  • 1978
    • Marshall Islands
    • Federated States of Micronesia
    • Nigeria (North)
    • Palau

1980s

  • 1980
    • Iraq[37]
  • 1984
    • Liechtenstein
  • 1985
    • Kuwait (revoked in 1999; re-granted in 2005)[41]
  • 1986
    • Central African Republic
  • 1989
    • Namibia: independence established – former South-West Africa.

1990s

  • 1990
    • Samoa
    • Switzerland: the Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden is forced by the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland to accept women’s suffrage.
  • 1999
    • Qatar[42][43]

21st century

  • 2003
    • Oman
  • 2005
    • Kuwait[44]
  • 2006
    • United Arab Emirates (UAE) (limited suffrage for both men and women).[45]
  • 2015
    • Saudi Arabia (to be introduced along with right to run for municipal elections)[46]

Note: in some countries both men and women have limited suffrage. For example, in Brunei, which is a sultanate, there are no national elections, and voting exists only on local issues.[47] In the United Arab Emirates the rulers of the seven emirates each select a proportion of voters for the Federal National Council (FNC) that together account for about 12% of Emirati citizens.[45]

Ⅲ 国別(アルファベット順)

Afghanistan Kingdom of Afghanistan 1963
Albania Principality of Albania 1920
 Algeria 1962 In 1962, on its independence from France, Algeria granted equal voting rights to all men and women.
 Andorra 1970
Angola People’s Republic of Angola 1975
 Argentina 1947[35]
 Armenia 1917 (by application of the Russian legislation)
1919 March (by adoption of its own legislation)[36]
 Australia 1902 Indigenous Australian women (and men) not officially given the right to vote until 1962.[37]
 Austria 1919
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Democratic Republic 1918
 Bahamas 1960
 Bahrain 2002
 Bangladesh 1971 (upon its independence)
 Barbados 1950
Belarus Belarusian People’s Republic 1919
 Belgium 1919/1948 Was granted in the constitution in 1919, for communal voting. Suffrage for the provincial councils and the national parliament only came in 1948.
Benin Dahomey (Today: Benin) 1956
 Bermuda 1944
 Bhutan 1953
 Bolivia 1938/1952 Limited women’s suffrage in 1938 (only for literate women and those with a certain level of income). On equal terms with men since 1952.[38]
 Botswana 1965
 Brazil 1932
British Cameroons (Today: Cameroon) 1946
 British Honduras (Today: Belize) 1954
British Leeward Islands (Today: Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla) 1951
British Windward Islands (Today: Grenada, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica) 1951
 Brunei 1959 Elections currently suspended since 1962 and 1965. Both men and women have voting rights only for local elections.[39]
Burma 1922
 Burundi 1961
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia 1955
 Canada 1917–1919 for most of Canada; Prince Edward Island in 1922; Newfoundland in 1925; Quebec in 1940 To help win a mandate for conscription, the federal Conservative government of Robert Borden granted the vote in 1917 to female war widows, women serving overseas, and the female relatives of men serving overseas. However, the same legislation, the Wartime Elections Act, disenfranchised those who became naturalized Canadian citizens after 1902. Women over 21 who were “not alien-born” and who met certain property qualifications were allowed to vote in federal elections in 1918. Women first won the vote provincially in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1916; British Columbia and Ontario in 1917; Nova Scotia in 1918; New Brunswick in 1919 (women could not run for New Brunswick provincial office until 1934); Prince Edward Island in 1922; Newfoundland in 1925 (which did not join Confederation until 1949); and Quebec in 1940.[40]Aboriginal women were not offered the right to vote until 1960. Previous to that they could only vote if they gave up their treaty status. It wasn’t until 1948 when Canada signed the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights that Canada was forced to examine the issue of their discrimination against Aboriginal people.[41]
 Cape Verde 1975 (upon its independence)
 Cayman Islands 1957
 Central African Republic 1986
 Ceylon (Today: Sri Lanka) 1931
 Chad 1958
 Chile 1949 From 1934–1949, women could vote in local elections at 25, while men could vote in all elections at 21. In both cases, literacy was required.
 China 1947 In 1947, women won suffrage through Constitution of the Republic of China. in 1949, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) replaced the Republic of China (ROC) as government of the Chinese mainland. The ROC moved to the island of Taiwan. The PRC constitution recognizes women’s equal political rights with men.
 Colombia 1954
 Comoros 1956
 Congo, Republic of the 1963
 Cook Islands 1893
 Corsica 1755
 Costa Rica 1949
 Cuba 1934
 Cyprus 1960
 Czechoslovakia (Today: Czech Republic, Slovakia) 1920
 Côte d’Ivoire 1952
 Djibouti 1946
 Dominican Republic 1942
 Ecuador 1929/1967 Although Ecuador was the first country in South American to grant women suffrage in 1929, differences between men’s and women’s suffrage were only removed in 1967 (prior to that year women’s vote was optional, while that of men compulsory; since 1967 it is compulsory for both sexes)[38][42]
 Egypt 1956
 El Salvador 1939
 Equatorial Guinea 1963
 Estonia 1917
 Ethiopia (Then including Eritrea) 1955
Federation of Malaya Federation of Malaya (Today: Malaysia) 1957
 Fiji 1963
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Suriname 1948
 France 1944
 Gabon 1956
 Gambia, The 1960
Georgia (country) Democratic Republic of Georgia 1918
 Germany 1918
 Ghana 1954
 Greece 1930 (Local Elections, Literate Only), 1952 (Unconditional)
 Guatemala 1946
 Guinea 1958
 Guinea-Bissau 1977
 Guyana 1953
 Haiti 1950
 Honduras 1955
 Hong Kong 1949
Hungary Hungarian Democratic Republic 1918
India India 1947 In 1947, on its independence from the United Kingdom, India granted equal voting rights to all men and women.
 Indonesia 1937 (for Europeans only), 1945
 Iran 1963
 Iraq 1980
 Ireland 1918 (partial)
1922 (full)
From 1918, with the rest of the United Kingdom, women could vote at 30 with property qualifications or in university constituencies, while men could vote at 21 with no qualification. From separation in 1922, the Irish Free State gave equal voting rights to men and women.
 Iroquois Confederacy before 1654
 Isle of Man 1881
 Israel 1948 Women’s suffrage was granted with the declaration of independence.
 Italy 1945
 Jamaica 1944
 Japan 1947
 Jersey 1919[43] Restrictions on franchise applied to men and women until after Liberation in 1945
 Jordan 1974
 Kazakh SSR 1924
 Kenya 1963
 Kingdom of Bulgaria 1938
 Kingdom of Denmark (Including Greenland, the Faroe Islands and, at that time, Iceland) 1915
 Kiribati 1967
 Korea, North 1946
 Korea, South 1948
 Kuwait 1985[44]women’s suffrage later removed in 1999, re-granted in 2005 All voters must have been citizens of Kuwait for at least 20 years[45]
 Kyrgyz SSR 1918
Laos Kingdom of Laos 1958
 Latvia 1917
 Lebanon 1952[46] In 1957 a requirement for women (but not men) to have elementary education before voting was dropped, as was voting being compulsory for men (but not women).[47]
 Lesotho 1965
 Liberia 1946
Libya Kingdom of Libya 1964
 Liechtenstein 1984
 Lithuania 1918
 Luxembourg 1919
 Madagascar 1959
 Malawi 1961
Maldives 1932
 Mali 1956
 Malta 1947
 Marshall Islands 1979
 Mauritania 1961
 Mauritius 1956
 Mexico 1947
 Micronesia, Federated States of 1979
 Moldova 1929/1940 As part of the Kingdom of Romania, women who met certain qualifications were allowed to vote in local elections, starting in 1929. After Constitution from 1938, the voting rights were extended to women for general elections by the Electoral Law 1939.[48] In 1940, after the formation of the Moldavian SSR, equal voting rights were granted to men and women.
 Monaco 1962
Mongolia Mongolian People’s Republic 1924
 Morocco 1963
Mozambique People’s Republic of Mozambique 1975
 Namibia 1989 (upon its independence) At independence from South Africa.
 Nauru 1968
   Nepal 1951
 Netherlands 1919
 Netherlands Antilles 1949
 New Zealand 1893
 Nicaragua 1955
 Niger 1948
 Nigeria 1958
 North Yemen (Today: Yemen) 1970
 Norway 1913
 Oman 2003
 Pakistan 1947 In 1947, on its independence from the United Kingdom and India, Pakistan granted full voting rights for men and women
 Palau 1979
 Panama 1941/1946 Limited women’s suffrage from 1941 (conditioned by level of education) equal women’s suffrage from 1946.[38]
 Papua New Guinea 1964
 Paraguay 1961
 Peru 1955
 Philippines 1937
 Pitcairn Islands 1838
 Poland 1918
 Portugal 1931/1976 with restrictions in 1931,[8] restrictions lifted in 1976[8][12]
 Puerto Rico 1929/1935 Limited suffrage was passed for women, restricted to those who were literate. In 1935 the legislature approved suffrage for all women.
 Qatar 1997
 Romania 1929/1939/1946 Starting in 1929, women who met certain qualifications were allowed to vote in local elections. After the Constitution from 1938, the voting rights were extended to women for general elections by the Electoral Law 1939. Women could vote on equal terms with men, but both men and women had restrictions, and in practice the restrictions affected women more than men. In 1946, full equal voting rights were granted to men and women.[48]
 Russia 1917 On July 20, 1917, under the Provisional Government.
Russia Grand Duchy of Finland 1906
 Rwanda 1961
 Samoa 1990
 San Marino 1959
 Saudi Arabia starting in 2015 Women were denied the right to vote or to stand for the local election in 2005, although suffrage was slated to possibly be granted by 2009,[49][50][51] then set for later in 2011, but suffrage was not granted either of those times.[52] In late September 2011, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud declared that women would be able to vote and run for office starting in 2015.[53]
 Senegal 1945
 Seychelles 1948
 Sierra Leone 1961 In the 1790s, while Sierra Leone was still a colony, women voted in the elections.[54]
 Singapore 1947
 Solomon Islands 1974
 Somalia 1956
 South Africa 1930 (European and Asian South African women); 1994 (all women) White women only; women of other races were enfranchised in 1994, at the same time as men.
 South Yemen (Today: Yemen) 1967
 Southern Rhodesia (Today: Zimbabwe) 1919
 Spain 1931
 Sudan 1964
 Swaziland 1968
 Sweden 1921
  Switzerland 1971 Women obtained the right to vote in national elections in 1971.[55] Women obtained the right to vote at local canton level between 1959 (Vaud and Neuchâtel in that year) and 1991 (Appenzell Innerrhoden).[56][57] See also Women’s suffrage in Switzerland.
 Syria 1949
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1975
 Taiwan 1947 In 1945, Taiwan was return from Japan to China. In 1947, women won the suffrage under the Constitution of the Republic of China. In 1949, Republic of China(ROC) lost mainland China, moved to Taiwan.
 Tajik SSR 1924
 Tanzania 1959
 Thailand 1932
 Timor-Leste 1976
 Togo 1945
 Tonga 1960
 Trinidad and Tobago 1925 Suffrage was granted for the first time in 1925 to either sex, to men over the age of 21 and women over the age of 30, as in Great Britain (the “Mother Country”, as Trinidad and Tobago was still a colony at the time)[58] In 1945 full suffrage was granted to women.[59]
 Tunisia 1959
 Turkey 1930 (for local elections), 1934 (for national elections)
 Turkmen SSR 1924
 Tuvalu 1967
 Uganda 1962
 Ukrainian SSR 1919
 United Arab Emirates 2006 Limited suffrage for both men and women[60][61]
 United Kingdom 1918 (partial) (Then including Ireland)
1928 (full)
From 1918–1928, women could vote at 30 with property qualifications or as graduates of UK universities, while men could vote at 21 with no qualification.
 United States 1920
 Upper Volta (Today: Burkina Faso) 1958
 Uruguay 1917/1927 Women’s suffrage was broadcast for the first time in 1927, in the plebiscite of Cerro Chato.[62]
 Uzbek SSR 1938
 Vanuatu 1975
  Vatican City Never The Pope is only elected by the College of Cardinals; women not being appointed as cardinals, women cannot vote for the Pope.[63] See Catholicism
 Venezuela 1946
 Vietnam 1946
 Yugoslavia (Today: Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia) 1945
 Zaire (Today: Democratic Republic of the Congo) 1967
 Zambia 1962 (then Northern Rhodesia) Women’s suffrage granted in Northern Rhodesia in 1962.[64]

(参考)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women’s_suffrage

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_women’s_suffrage